Evaluation of Prescription Errors at Healthcare System in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) Pakistan

Shahid Khattak, Taseer Ahmad, Aftab-Ullah, Shaista Hussain, Faiza Naseer, Farzana Zenab, Reem Altaf

Abstract


The main objective of the study was to identify the errors associated with prescriptions starting from prescribing through to drug administration and to measure the frequency of those errors. In this study, we reviewed a random sample of 150 prescriptions collected from different areas and organizations, (including private/government hospital settings as well as community settings) for possible errors. These prescriptions were collected and evaluated by a panel of expert reviewers. Errors were classified under three categories; prescriber’s detail, patient’s detail and prescription detail. The results depict that the most common (88%) prescription errors are due to the incorrect prescribing of dose in accordance to patient’s weight. Omission of serial number/hospital number and quantity of the medicines to be dispensed, contributed 74.67% and 75.33 % respectively in the total percentage of medication error. In conclusion, incorrect prescribing, inadequate information given by the prescriber or the pharmacist and incorrect use of medicines by the patient can potentially cause suffering for patient, difficulty in achieving the therapeutic outcomes and expense to both patients and community.

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International Journal of Basic Medical Sciences and Pharmacy (IJBMSP): ISSN: 2049-4963