Prevalence of Smoking in Teenagers Male Undergraduate Students a Study of Karachi, Pakistan

Rabia Bushra, Nousheen Aslam, Umair Kh Nusrat Bano, Arshad Jamal, Ali Akbar S Mirza Tasawer Baig, and Sikandar Khan Sherwani

Abstract


Tobacco use primarily begins in early adolescence, reportedly before the time of high school graduation. This study aims to report the prevalence of smoking in teen age male students. Questionnaire was designed and its reliability was calculated using Cronbach‟s alpha (α=0.805) and administered to one thousand teenage male students. Eight hundred and seventy five participants returned completely filled questionnaires. They were categorized into seven groups according to their ages (13 to 19 years). The main outcome measures were prevalence, trends (number of cigarettes per day) and reasons for smoking in these students. Pearson coefficient was calculated to explore correlation of prevalence of smoking with age. 535 (61.14%) respondents reported cigarette use. Older individuals consumed more cigarettes per day than younger ones. There was a significant positive correlation of prevalence of smoking with age calculated by Spearman correlation (r=0.821, p<0.05). Different reasons of smoking were reported by different age groups. It was also found that the majority of teachers know about smoking habits of their students as compared to the parents. Smoking habit increases with age, formerly started for fun then it becomes the regular practice in these students which can turn into drug abuse over time by older ages. Attention from teachers and parents, good family atmosphere and educational programs at school and college levels should be arranged to reduce this prevailing habit of smoking in teen age males students.

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International Journal of Basic Medical Sciences and Pharmacy (IJBMSP): ISSN: 2049-4963