Agitation Sequence and Ionic Strength on In-Vitro Drug Release from Hypromellose –The Influence of Compaction Force

Kofi Asare-Addo, Adeola O. Adebisi, Ali Nokhodchi


The evaluations of the systematic effects of agitation and ionic strength and its impact on tablet compression force
on the drug release from a gel forming matrix were the objectives of this study. To achieve this, two model drugs namely,
theophylline and diltiazem HCl were formulated with hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose into matrix tablets and the drug release
in a range of pHs 1.2-7.5 was evaluated using the automated USP type III Bio-Dis Varian. The effects of agitation were
investigated at 10, 20 and in an ascending and descending order in the vials. Agitation had a profound effect on the drug
release from the K100LV tablet matrices. Ionic strength was investigated using NaCl as the ionic strength regulator. A range of
0-0.4 M ionic strengths were studied. It was noticed that an increase in the compression of the tablet matrices for the K100LV
theophylline and diltiazem HCl tablet matrices resulted in a significant difference in their drug release profiles both in the
agitation sequence and with the influence of ionic concentration strength. The K100M tablet matrices for the theophylline and
diltiazem HCl on the other hand were generally unaffected. This investigation also highlights the importance of controlling
drug release in the desired dissolution medium as agitation could significantly influence the drug release resulting in a possible
toxicity or making drug not available at the required site.

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International Journal of Basic Medical Sciences and Pharmacy (IJBMSP): ISSN: 2049-4963